Rover is an all-terrain vehicle as well as a Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)
manufacturer, based in Solihull, England, now operated as part of
the Jaguar Land Rover business owned by Tata Motors.
Originally the term Land Rover referred to one specific vehicle (see
Land Rover Series), a pioneering civilian all-terrain utility
vehicle launched on April 30, 1948, at the Amsterdam Motor Show, but
was later used as a brand for several distinct models, all capable
of four-wheel drive.
Starting out as a model in the Rover Company's product range, the
Land Rover brand developed, first as a marque, then as a separate
company, developing a range of four-wheel drive capable vehicles
under a succession of owners, including British Leyland, British
Aerospace and BMW. In 2000, the company was sold by BMW to the Ford
Motor Company, becoming part of their Premier Automotive Group. In
June 2008 Ford sold its Jaguar Land Rover operations to Tata Motors.
Land Rover is one of the longest lived Four-wheel drive (4WD)
brands, second only to Jeep
One of the other capabilities of the utility Land Rover (the
Series/Defender models) is that they are available in a huge variety
of body styles, ranging from a simple canvas-topped pick-up truck to
a 12-seat fully trimmed Station Wagon. Both Land Rover and
out-of-house contractors have offered a huge range of conversions
and adaptations to the basic vehicle, such as fire engines,
excavators, 'cherry picker' hydraulic platforms, ambulances,
snowploughs, and 6-wheel drive versions, as well as one-off special
builds including amphibious Land Rovers and vehicles fitted with
tracks instead of wheels.